After the Enlightenment the two streams of baroque art separated and became the Romantic and Neo-classical movements. The understanding of naturalism as a Christian tradition was lost at this point and consequently developments, although subtle at first, were a departure from the baroque and so we lost the last authentic Christian tradition in sacred art.
The second pair of painting are of the scene after the Resurrection - noli me tangere. This time the offering in the style of baroque naturalism comes from Alonso Cano, the 17th century Spanish artist who had the same teacher as Velazquez, Francesco Pacheco. Cano is perhaps more well known for his wood carvings in polychrome (ie painted in many colours). The baroque classicist painting of the same subject is done by the German artist of the 18th century called Anton Raphael Mengs.
Sir Anthony Van Dyck
Anton Raphael Mengs
As a rule my preference is for the baroque naturalism style. However, Mengs' handles this subject well, I feel. Notice how the face of Christ is in shadow so that we are drawn to the attention of the whole person of Christ. It also is a counter against the danger in naturalistic art, that when we look at the painting we see not Christ, but a portrait of a model dressed up in old fashioned clothes.